Officially Hanyu Pinyin is the system accepted by China to transcribe Chinese characters into Latin script. It was developed by Chinese linguists and published in 1958.
Here is a little history and an explanation. Chinese is made up of characters and ideograms to represent the concept of what they are writing about. Whereas the writing you are currently reading is a string of sounds that your brain puts together to get the concept. Up until recently, most writings on Chinese topics in English used the Wade-Giles system. This is a system that was developed by a British ambassador to China (Wade) in the mid 1800s and refined ... Read More