Connecting Mindfulness and Tai Chi

Mindfulness and Tai Chi

It is extremely difficult to bridge the gap between actually doing the tai chi form and improving your meditative-mindful state.  On one hand, doing the form feels good and we definitely feel better afterwards.  But how do we answer the questions from students, classmates, and ourselves such as:

What should I be thinking about when I do the form? Does your mind race? Are you concentrating on something?

I will admit to you dear reader that I have historically been at a loss for providing a concise response that was satisfying.  But I found a really solid answer.  I was reading on Mindfulness and forgot I was reading on Mindfulness because I read this:

To cultivate the healing power of mindfulness requires much more than mechanically following a recipe or a set of instructions. No real process of learning is like that. It is only when the mind is open and receptive that learning and seeing and change can occur. In practicing mindfulness you will have to bring your whole being to the process. You can’t just assume a meditative posture and hope that something will magically just happen, nor can you play a CD and think that the CD is going to “do something” for you. (p. 19*).

Doesn’t that sound like Tai Chi?

The leading researcher on Mindfulness, Jon Kabat-Zinn, speaks of major pillars of mindfulness that can be addressed simultaneously or individually to lead to a greater mental state.  Through Wiseman‘s work we know that physical movement can produce desired emotional states.  I will use this essay to interpret 5 of Zinn’s Pillars of Mindfulness in terms of doing the tai chi form.  Let’s watch Jon Kabat-Zinn in these short explanations and then apply them to tai chi.

How did the Mindfulness Movement start?

The idea of Mindfulness has gained so much traction in the last several years, even garnering an exclusive issue of Time Magazine.  We couldn’t be more excited that conscious thought is now a buzzword.  Yet, if we are left to believe that simply “being present” during daily activities leads to a calm mind, we risk moving backwards as a society.  We don’t want people to become frustrated and dismiss consciousness as hogwash (again).

How did the Mindfulness Movement start?  In the 1970s, Dr. John Kabat-Zinn applied principles of mindful meditation to patients in a medical setting.  He developed the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program which helped alleviate chronic pain and previously debilitating medical conditions, both physical and mental.  His work studied the benefits of advanced meditation and worked to replicate the results in new comers.

He was indeed successful.  However, most people championing the benefits of Mindfulness shrug off the main point.  Zinn’s participants were successful by following a very strict, medically-tested protocol in a supportive community.  They documented improvements in health markers and well-being after several weeks of consistent study so it is not enough to say “be present while you chew your carrots.”

Mindfulness Movement

Kabat-Zinn’s work is nothing short of avant garde and brilliant considering that it took place almost half a century ago at a time when western medicine was not receptive to alternative approaches.   He brought eastern thinking into the western medical community and demonstrated results that could be replicated.  If you are truly interested in understanding Mindfulness, then reading his Full Catastrophe Living is a must.  At the very least, watch his videos where he speaks on the 5 pillars of mindfulness (non-judging, patience, beginner’s mind, trust, non-striving).  Your progress will be less watered-down with this basic understanding.

For more on  Jon Kabat-Zinn and his work refer back to this essay: What is Meditation and Why Should I Meditate?

Mindfulness and Tai Chi

1. Non–judging

2. Patience

3. Beginner’s Mind

4· Trust

5. Non-striving

Mindfulness and Tai Chi

 “The attitude with which you undertake the practice of paying attention and being in the present is crucial. It is the soil in which you will be cultivating your ability to calm your mind and to relax your body, to concentrate and to see more clearly. If the attitudinal soil is depleted, that is, if your energy and commitment to practice are low, it will be hard to develop calmness and relaxation with any consistency. If the soil is really polluted, that is, if you are trying to force yourself to feel relaxed and demand of yourself that “something happen,” nothing will grow at all and you will quickly conclude that “meditation doesn’t work.”

*Full catastrophe living: using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness Jon Kabat-Zinn – Pub. by Dell Pub., a division of Bantam Doubleday Dell Pub. Group – 1991

Scott Prath

Scott has been practicing and teaching tai chi and qigong since 2000. He is a lead instructor for the Austin Chen Tai Chi Association. His interest in the internal martial arts began after traveling in India and Nepal, and he has since traveled to China to train. Scott has published over 100 articles on tai chi with a focus on research showing the benefits of practicing.

2 thoughts on “Connecting Mindfulness and Tai Chi

  1. i agree with almost every thing of this post, but…

    taijiquan is a fake. and cannot delivers what it promises

    what exists for more than 400 years is QIgong (with various names)

    and taiji is a martial adaptation of qigong movements (see magwandu findings.

    i recommend less faith and more study

    1. Hi Jacques,
      Thank you for writing. I will return the compliment and say that I agree with almost everything in your comment. Considering taiji a form of qi gong is pretty acceptable based on their inherent goals and the martial adaptation of moves is well documented. Taiji does deliver what it promises to those with good instruction. Practitioners in China and many in the US and UK are benefiting substantially. However, the information that we have had access to and level of instruction that many have received are not at this level. With the dawn of the internet and changes in our relationship with China which has led to increases in visits (both ways) and exchanges this is all changing. This is the purpose behind this blog if you want the truth. To tangibly share insights that lead to results.

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